Fiji Islands

Great Sea Reef

The Great Sea Reef (GSR), locally known as the “Cakaulevu” is the southern hemisphere’s third longest continuous barrier reef system. Running over 200km in length from the northern most tip of the island of Vanua Levu to the outer most barrier reefs and the near-shore fringing reefs of the Yasawa Islands, the GSR is home to a high value coral reef biodiversity area.
The Great Sea Reef (GSR), locally known as the “Cakaulevu” is the southern hemisphere’s third longest continuous barrier reef system. Running over 200km in length from the northern most tip of the island of Vanua Levu to the outer most barrier reefs and the near-shore fringing reefs of the Yasawa Islands, the GSR is home to a high value coral reef biodiversity area. Four of the six major rivers of the country drain into the GSR. Two of the major, deltas, mangrove systems and much of the sea grasses important for turtles and fish nursery grounds.

The reef has been part of the Fijian lifestyle for centuries, providing sustenance, protection and supports a diverse range of industries from fishing to tourism being the highest revenue earner for the past decade. The GSR is a test of the fine balance between development and resource management for Fiji.

The GSR faces numerous unprecedented challenges of the modern times. Rapid population growth, urban expansion, increasing demand for natural resources, frequent intense cyclones, tidal waves, flooding and landslides, ineffective policies and weak legislations are placing an enormous deal of pressure on this fragile ecosystem.

The proposal seeks to:

1. Define the management approaches to manage the collective GSR system possibly using a jurisdictional redd+ / landscape approach, climate change adaptation and landscape restoration approach.

2. Utilise available literature and working with relevant Government and existing frameworks to build land use policies and define implementation frameworks

3. Undertake a comprehensive carbon measuring and offset calculations for targeted sites within the four provinces covering the GSR.

4. Consult with national stakeholders to develop appropriate implementation benefiting industry partners, local communities and other partners.

5. Create one of the world’s first adaptation and resilience programmes that brings together the land, people and ocean.

6. Ensure food security, whilst ensuring best practice fisheries and land management.

7. Build a bottom up approach through community engagement and participation whilst developing requisite land use and fisheries management policies.

Location
provinces of Ra, Ba, Bua and Macuata
Design
Integrated coastal zone management / ridge to reef planning only
Species
Turtles, Dolphin, Coral Reefs​, Tuna, Sharks, Humphead Wrasse and Whales